A Beginner’s Guide to Playing Casino Craps

A Beginner’s Guide to Playing Casino Craps: Understanding the Rules and Basics

Whether you’re a gambling newbie or a seasoned player looking to expand your horizons, this beginner’s guide is here to demystify the rules and lay out the basics of this adrenaline-fueled dice game. From understanding the table layout to mastering essential bets, we’ve got you covered every step of the way. So grab your lucky dice, roll up your sleeves, and get ready for an exhilarating journey into the heart-pounding realm of casino craps!

Casino craps is a popular dice game found in most casinos. It is a fast-paced and exciting game that can be enjoyed by players of all levels, from beginners to experienced gamblers. In this section, we will introduce you to the basics of casino craps, including its history, gameplay, and rules.

History of Casino Craps

The origins of casino craps can be traced back to the ancient Roman Empire, where soldiers would play a similar game using pig knucklebones as dice. Over time, this game evolved into what we know today as casino craps.

The modern version of craps was developed in the 18th century by Sir William of Tyre, an English nobleman who wanted a simpler version of the popular medieval dice game called Hazard. The name “craps” comes from the French word “crapaud,” which means “toad.” This is because players would often crouch down like toads when playing the game on sidewalks or streets.

In the early 20th century, casino owners in Las Vegas added betting options to the game to increase its popularity among players. Since then, it has become one of the most iconic games found in casinos worldwide.


Casino craps is played with two six-sided dice and a specially designed table with high walls around it to keep the dice from rolling off. The game follows a specific pattern where one player (called “the shooter”) throws the dice while other players place bets on different outcomes of the roll.

A round of craps starts with the shooter placing a bet on the “Pass Line” or “Don’t Pass Line.” The other players at the table can also place bets on these lines. Once everyone has placed their bets, the shooter rolls the dice for the “come-out roll.”

If the come-out roll is a 7 or 11, all players who bet on the Pass Line win even money. If it’s a 2, 3, or 12 (known as “craps”), all players who bet on Don’t Pass Line win even money.

If any other number is rolled (4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10), that number becomes known as “the point.” The shooter must then continue rolling until they either hit the point again or roll a seven. If they hit the point before rolling a seven, all Pass Line wagers are paid out at even money. If they roll a seven before hitting the point again, all Pass Line wagers are lost.

What is Craps?

Craps is a popular casino game that is played with two dice on a large table. The objective of the game is to correctly predict the outcome of the roll of the dice.

The game may seem intimidating at first, as it involves a lot of fast-paced action and complex betting options, but once you understand the rules and basic gameplay, it can be an exciting and rewarding experience.

In craps, players take turns rolling the dice and placing bets on what they think will be the result. The player who rolls the dice is called the “shooter”. Each round begins with a come-out roll where all players must place their bets before the shooter rolls the dice.

There are two types of bettors in craps – those who bet with or against the shooter. Betting with the shooter means that you are hoping for them to win while betting against means you are rooting for them to lose.

The main focal point of a craps table is the “pass line” which runs around 3 sides of the table and has designated spots for various bets to be placed. Before making your first wager, it’s important to familiarize yourself with these spots and their corresponding bets.

Basic Rules of Craps

Craps is a popular casino game that can seem intimidating to beginners. However, understanding the basic rules of craps can help you feel more confident and enjoy the game. In this section, we will break down the fundamental rules of craps so that even first-timers can easily follow along.

1. The Objective
The main objective of craps is to correctly predict the outcome of a dice roll or series of dice rolls. Players bet against each other or against the house on whether a specific number or combination will appear when the two dice are rolled.

2. The Shooter
In craps, one player acts as the “shooter” – meaning they are responsible for rolling the dice. The shooter remains in this role until they roll a losing combination, at which point it passes to another player.

3. Pass Line Bet
The most common bet in craps is called the “pass line” bet. This bet wins if the shooter rolls a 7 or an 11 on their first roll (known as “coming out”) and loses if they roll a 2, 3, or 12 (also known as “crapping out”). If any other number is rolled on the first throw, this sets that number as the point and players continue rolling until either they make their point again (winning) or roll a seven (losing).

4. Don’t Pass Line Bet
This bet is essentially betting against the shooter’s success in making their point. It wins if the shooter does not make their point and loses if they do.

5. Come/ Don’t Come Bet
These bets are similar to the pass/don’t pass line bets, but they can be made at any point during a round of craps.

6. Odds Bets
After a point is established, players can make an additional bet known as an “odds” bet. This bet has no house edge and pays out according to the odds of the shooter making their point.

7. Place Bet
Players can also bet on specific numbers (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10) by placing chips on the corresponding areas of the craps table layout. These bets pay out based on the odds of that number appearing before a 7 is rolled.

8. Field Bet
This bet wins if a 2, 3, 4, 9, or 10 is rolled and loses if a 5, 6, 7 or 8 is rolled.

9. Proposition Bets
These are one-roll bets that predict whether a specific number or combination will appear on the next roll. They have high payouts but also high house edges.

10. Once all bets have been placed, the shooter will roll the dice. If the bettor’s number or combination appears according to their chosen bet, they win. If not, they lose and the round continues with a new shooter.

11. Craps Etiquette
When playing craps, it’s important to follow certain etiquette rules to ensure a smooth and respectful game:

– Never interrupt a shooter when rolling the dice.
– Place cash on the table rather than handing it directly to the dealer.
– Do not touch your chips once you have placed them on a bet.
– Avoid making late bets (after the shooter has rolled) as this can disrupt the flow of the game.
– Keep your hands off the table and out of the way of other players.

Remember that craps is a fast-paced game, so it’s essential to pay attention and be aware of what is happening at all times.

Now that you understand the basic rules of craps, you’re ready to hit the tables and try your luck at this exciting casino game! Keep in mind that there are many different variations of craps, so it’s always a good idea to ask for clarification on any specific rules before placing your bets.

– Types of Bets

When it comes to playing casino craps, understanding the different types of bets is essential. Bets are what make the game of craps so exciting and can greatly impact your chances of winning. In this section, we’ll go over the various types of bets that you can place in a game of craps.

1. Pass/Don’t Pass Bet:
The most basic bet in craps is the Pass/Don’t Pass bet. This bet is placed before the come-out roll (the first roll) and essentially predicts whether the shooter will win or lose. A Pass bet wins if the shooter rolls a 7 or 11, while a Don’t Pass bet wins if the shooter rolls a 2,3, or 12.

2. Come/Don’t Come Bet:
Similar to a Pass/Don’t Pass bet, these bets are placed after the come-out roll and predict whether subsequent rolls will result in a win or loss for the shooter. The difference between this and a Pass/Don’t Pass bet is that you can place these bets on any roll during gameplay.

3. Place Bets:
Place bets are made on specific numbers (4,5,6,8,9 or 10). These numbers must be rolled before a 7 for the player to win their bet. Place bets typically have higher payouts than other standard bets but also have slightly higher house edges.

4. Field Bet:
A Field bet is another popular type of wager in craps where players bet on the next roll being a 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12. This bet has an even payout for numbers 3,4,9,10 and 11 and pays out double for a roll of 2 or 12.

5. Odds Bet:
An odds bet is a side bet that can be placed in addition to any of the above mentioned bets (Pass/Don’t Pass, Come/Don’t Come, Place Bet). This bet pays out at true odds and has no house edge making it one of the most favorable bets in craps.

6. Hardway Bets:
A hardway bet is when you bet on a specific number (4,6,8 or 10) to be rolled as a pair before it is rolled in any other combination or a seven. For example, betting on a “Hard Eight” would mean you are betting on two fours being rolled before any other combination of numbers.

7. Proposition Bets:
Proposition bets are one-roll bets that generally have higher payouts but also higher house edges. These include bets such as “Any Craps” (betting that the next roll will be a craps number -2, 3 or 12), and “Any Seven” (betting that the next roll will be a seven).

It’s important to note that not all bets are available at all times in a game of craps. Some bets, such as Come/Don’t Come bets, can only be placed after the come-out roll. Other bets, like Odds bets, can only be made in addition to other types of bets.

Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide which types of bets you want to make in a game of craps. While some players swear by certain strategies or methods for placing their bets, ultimately it is a game of chance and no bet can guarantee a win every time. Understanding the different types of bets and how they work can help you make informed decisions and have a more enjoyable experience playing casino craps.

– Dice Rolling Etiquette

Dice rolling etiquette is an important aspect of playing casino craps that beginner players should learn in order to have a smooth and enjoyable gaming experience. As a game that relies heavily on chance and luck, it is crucial for players to understand the proper way of handling the dice at the table. In this section, we will discuss the do’s and don’ts of dice rolling etiquette so you can confidently join in on a craps game without causing any disruptions.

First and foremost, the most basic rule in dice rolling etiquette is to always handle the dice with care. These are not just regular dice but specialized casino-grade ones that are precisely made to ensure fair gameplay. Rough handling or dropping them on the table can damage their balance or shape, which could potentially affect your rolls and lead to undesirable results. Therefore, always pick up and handle them gently.

When it comes to actually rolling the dice at the craps table, there are certain conventions that all players must adhere to. The shooter (the player who’s currently throwing the dice) must use one hand only when picking up or throwing the dice. This is done as a precaution against potential cheating attempts where some players may try to switch out loaded or weighted dice during play.

Furthermore, before placing their bets on the Pass Line or Don’t Pass Line, each player has an equal opportunity as they pass around clockwise from person-to-person along with three other dealers working for “the house”. When you get your turn, make sure not hold up gameplay by taking too long to decide on your bets and place them. The dealers need to have the game flowing smoothly so that the other players can get in their turns too.

The etiquette of dice rolling also applies to where you stand or sit at the craps table. Since the shooter must roll the dice from one side of the table, it is essential that all players respect this and allow them enough room to do so. Avoid crowding around or leaning over the table, especially between rolls, so as not to obstruct or distract other players.

While it is generally permitted for each player at the craps table to handle and throw their own individual pair of dice, some casinos may not allow this practice. In such cases, it is important that you follow instructions provided by your dealer or croupier, who will hand out a pair of dice that has been thoroughly checked and approved for gameplay.

Additionally, avoid throwing the dice too hard as this may cause them bounce off the table rather than make a clean roll. You would also want to refrain from blowing on them, as much superstitions might suggest as good luck mojo; instead try practicing flick wrist techniques used by most experienced shooters.

– Table Layout

The table layout in casino craps may look overwhelming at first, but once you understand the different components and their purposes, it becomes much simpler to navigate. In this section, we will break down the table layout so that you can feel confident when placing your bets at the craps table.

At first glance, the craps table may seem like a chaotic jumble of numbers and markings. However, every element of the table serves a specific purpose and plays an essential role in the game. So let’s dive into each component of the table layout one by one.

The Pass Line: This is where most players start their craps journey as it is one of the simplest bets to make. The pass line stretches across the entire length of the table, parallel to its sides. Players place their chips on this area before a new round begins.

The Field: Located directly above the pass line, this area contains various numbers (2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 &12) with corresponding payouts written next to them. These are called proposition or prop bets and have different odds depending on which number is rolled.

Don’t Pass Bar: This is essentially the opposite of the Pass Line bet but still pays out even money if successful. It also stretches along with entire length of opposide side from Pass Line towards wall.

How to Play as a Beginner

Craps is an exciting and fast-paced casino game that may seem intimidating to beginners. However, with a little bit of knowledge and practice, anyone can learn how to play and have a great time at the craps table. In this section, we will guide you through the essential rules and basics of playing craps as a beginner.

1. Understanding the Objective
The objective of craps is simple – to bet on the outcome of a roll or series of rolls of two dice. Players take turns being the “shooter” who rolls the dice, while others place bets on different areas of the table depending on their prediction for what numbers will come up.

2. Getting to Know The Table Layout
Before diving into placing bets, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the layout of the craps table. The table has mirrored sides, allowing multiple players to participate simultaneously from both ends. The center area is where most betting takes place – featuring various betting options such as pass line, don’t pass bar, field bets, and more.

3. Understanding Basic Bets
There are several types of bets in craps – some more complicated than others. As a beginner, it’s best to start with simple bets until you get comfortable with the game’s flow. The most basic bet in craps is called “pass line.” Here you’re essentially betting with (or against) the shooter that they will make a point; if they do so within three rolls – before rolling seven or eleven – the bet wins. Another simple bet is “don’t pass,” which is essentially the opposite of the pass line bet.

4. Following The Flow Of The Game
While there are many different betting options, the essential flow of playing craps as a beginner usually goes like this:

– The round starts with a come-out roll from the shooter.
– Players can place bets on various areas of the table, depending on their prediction of what numbers will come up on the dice.
– If the shooter rolls a seven or eleven on their first turn, players who bet on the pass line win.
– If they roll a 2, 3, or 12 (known as “craps”), players who placed bets on don’t pass win.
– If any other number comes up, it becomes the point number – and other bets may be made after that point is established.

5. Managing Your Bankroll
Craps is a fast-paced game, and it’s easy to get swept up in all of the action. As a beginner player, it’s crucial to manage your bankroll wisely – meaning not risking more than you can afford to lose. Start with small bets until you become more familiar with how things work at the table.

Here is a step-by-step guide to help you understand how to place bets in a game of casino craps:

Understand the different types of bets

Before placing your bet, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with the various types of bets available. In total, there are over 30 different betting options in casino craps, but for beginners, it’s best to stick to the basic ones.

Pass Line bet – This is one of the most popular and straightforward bets in craps. You win this bet if the shooter rolls a 7 or 11 on their come-out roll (first roll) or establishes a point number (4,5,6,8,9 or 10) which they then re-roll before rolling a 7.

Don’t Pass bet – This is similar to pass line bets but with opposite outcomes. You win this bet if the shooter rolls a 2 or 3 on their come-out roll or if they establish and hit a point number before rolling out a seven.

Come/Don’t Come Bets – These are identical to pass line/don’t pass line bets but can be placed after any point is established by using

Understanding Payouts

Understanding Payouts in Casino Craps is essential for any player to have a successful and enjoyable gaming experience. It involves understanding the different types of bets, the odds associated with each bet, and how much you can potentially win or lose.

Types of Bets:

In Casino Craps, there are two main categories of bets – Line bets and Proposition bets. Line bets include Pass Line, Don’t Pass Line, Come Bet, and Don’t Come bet. These are the most common types of bets made at a craps table by both beginners and experienced players. On the other hand, Proposition bets are more advanced and have higher payouts but also carry higher risks.

Odds Associated with Each Bet:

The odds in craps vary depending on the type of bet you make. Most line bets have relatively low house edges ranging from 1.41% to 1.36%, making them favorable for players. This means that for every $100 wagered, the casino takes only $1-$1.40 as profit.

Proposition bets, on the other hand, have much higher house edges ranging from 9%-16%. While these may seem tempting due to their high payouts, they come with a significantly lower chance of winning.

Additionally, it is essential to understand that in craps, some bets can be resolved in one roll while others may take multiple rolls before being determined.

Common Mistakes and Tips for Beginners

While playing casino craps can be a fun and exciting experience, it can also be intimidating for beginners. Many novice players often make some common mistakes that can affect their chances of winning. Here are some of the most common mistakes beginners make and tips to help you avoid them:

Mistake #1: Not Understanding the Rules
One of the biggest mistakes that beginners make is not taking the time to understand the rules of craps. This game has many different types of bets with varying odds, so it’s crucial to know what each bet means before placing your money on the table. Make sure to familiarize yourself with all the rules, odds, and payouts before you start playing.

Tip: The best way to learn is by observing experienced players or by practicing at home with friends using play money.

Mistake #2: Betting on Every Roll
Another mistake beginners often make is betting on every single roll. While this may seem like a good idea because you want to maximize your chances of winning, it can quickly drain your bankroll. Remember, in craps, there are certain rolls where the odds are heavily stacked against you, so be selective about which bets you place.

Tip: Stick to making Pass/Don’t Pass Line and Come/Don’t Come bets as they have some of the best odds in craps.

– Avoiding

When it comes to playing casino craps, there are certain behaviors and actions that can be detrimental to your success at the table. In this section, we will discuss some common mistakes that beginners make and provide tips on how to avoid them.

1. Avoiding Learning the Rules

One of the biggest mistakes a beginner can make is jumping into a game without fully understanding the rules. Craps may seem like a complicated game with its many betting options and fast-paced gameplay, but taking the time to learn the basics will greatly improve your chances of winning.

Before heading to the casino, take some time to read up on the rules of craps or watch tutorials online. This will give you a better understanding of how the game works and what bets are available to you.

2. Avoiding Proper Bankroll Management

Another mistake novice players make is not properly managing their bankroll. It is crucial to set a budget for yourself before sitting down at a craps table and sticking to it. This means avoiding chasing losses or betting more than you can afford.

You should also divide your bankroll into smaller amounts for each session, so you don’t risk losing all your money in one go. Having good bankroll management skills will help extend your playtime and give you more opportunities to win.

3. Avoiding Making Basic Bets

Craps offers various types of bets, from simple ones with low payouts (such as pass/come bets) to more complex ones with higher payouts (like hardways bets). It can be tempting for beginners to try their luck at the higher-paying bets, but these have a much higher house edge and lower chances of winning.

It is best to stick to the basic bets when starting out, as they offer better odds and are easier to understand. As you gain more experience, you can start incorporating more advanced bets into your gameplay.

4. Avoiding Using Betting Strategies

While there is no guarantee of winning in any casino game, using betting strategies can help manage your bankroll and potentially increase your chances of winning. However, many beginners shy away from using strategies, thinking that they are too complicated or difficult to follow.

There are various betting strategies for craps, such as the Martingale or Paroli system. It’s important to note that no strategy is foolproof and each has its own risks and rewards. Do some research and find a strategy that works best for you.

5. Avoiding Proper Etiquette

Craps is a social game, so it’s essential to adhere to proper etiquette at the table. This includes not touching the dice if you’re not the shooter, avoiding distracting behaviors like excessive celebration or loud talking, and being respectful towards other players.

– Bankroll Management

Bankroll management is an essential aspect of playing casino craps that is often overlooked by novice players. It refers to the strategy of managing your money in a way that allows you to play for longer periods without risking too much of your bankroll. This section will cover the importance of bankroll management and provide tips on how to effectively manage your funds while playing casino craps.

Why Is Bankroll Management Important?

First and foremost, bankroll management helps you stay within your financial limits and avoid overspending at the casino. It also ensures that you have enough funds to continue playing even after a series of losses. As with any form of gambling, there is always a risk involved, and having a sound bankroll management plan can help minimize those risks.

Another crucial reason for practicing proper bankroll management is to avoid getting caught up in the excitement and adrenaline rush of the game. In the heat of the moment, it’s easy to get carried away and bet more than you intended, which can quickly deplete your funds.

Tips for Effective Bankroll Management

1. Set a budget: Before heading to the casino, decide on an amount that you are comfortable losing and stick to it. This budget should be separate from your everyday expenses and should not exceed what you can afford.

2. Divide your bankroll: Divide your total budget into smaller portions or sessions depending on how long you want to play.

– Reading the Table

When it comes to playing casino craps, one of the most important skills you need to have is the ability to read and understand the table. The craps table can seem intimidating at first glance with its numerous markings and complex layout, but once you understand how to read it, it becomes much easier to play.

At a basic level, the craps table is divided into three main areas: the center area where players can place their bets, the side area where the stickman stands and controls the action, and two identical end areas for pass and don’t pass bets. Let’s take a closer look at each section of the table and what it means:

1. The Center Area
The center area of the craps table is where all major bets are placed. This includes Pass Line bets, Don’t Pass Line bets, Come bets, Place bets, Field bets, Hard Way bets, and Big 6/8 bets. Each bet has its own designated section on the table with clear markings that indicate which numbers or combinations of numbers they correspond to.

2. The Side Area
On one side of the center area stands the stickman who handles all dice operations during a game of craps. This person also announces winning rolls and collects losing ones while keeping track of which player has control of throwing dice. In addition to this role, they also handle various proposition (or “prop”) bets that may come up during gameplay.

3. End Areas
At both ends of the craps table , you will see identical areas designated for Pass Line and Don’t Pass Line bets. These are the most basic bets in craps and only pay out even money. However, they also serve as the starting point for all other bets on the table.

When reading a craps table, it’s important to keep in mind that each section has its own distinct purpose and set of rules. It can be helpful to refer to a guide or tutorial while learning how to play, but with practice, you will become more familiar with the layout and feel more confident placing your bets.

Overall, understanding how to read the craps table is essential for any player looking to improve their game. Take some time to study the layout and markings on your next visit to a casino, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming a skilled craps player.

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